Cannabidiol, or CBD oil, must be analyzed to certify that it’s pure, free from harmful toxins and able to provide the claimed benefits. As with many natural products, the properties of hemp CBD oil can vary immensely from producer to producer. Before you buy CBD oil, learn what to look out for.
Common CBD tests
CBD oil is usually tested by third-party labs – companies not related to the producer. After testing, the labs issue a Certificate of Analysis, or CoA. And while CoAs by different labs often look different, each usually includes:
The first test – potency testing – determines the levels of cannabinoids in the product. You may already know that hemp doesn’t only contain only CBD. In fact, cannabidiol is only one of over 100 cannabinoids that have been identified in the cannabis plant. Potency testing determines the concentrations of all these cannabinoids, and therefore the potency of the hemp CBD oil.
Cannabinoids that are commonly tested
In general, the tested cannabinoids are cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG), and cannabinol (CBN).
Each cannabinoid has a different effect on the endocannabinoid system in our bodies. And so, each one can have different beneficial aspects. For example, CBD is widely considered to have pain relieving, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-seizure and anti-nausea effects. And CBC may have anti-fungal and anticonvulsant properties. It’s important to know the levels to determine the potency of the CBD oil.
Tests you should look for before you buy CBD oil
CBD/THC balance: In order to derive the most benefit from hemp CBD oil, we want to see high concentration of CBD little to no THC. With industrial hemp, THC levels of 0.3% or below are the standard.
Pesticide testing: Even when grown organically, certain pesticides may be used on hemp plants. The same pesticides that help the hemp survive and flourish could make you extremely ill in high concentrations, That’s why it’s so important to test for them.
Microbiological testing: This is done to make sure there is no mold or harmful bacteria on the hemp that was used to make the CBD oil. Any pathogens that are present on the plants can easily get inside the body and have a negative effect on your health.
Residual Solvents testing: A thorough lab test will also test for any residual solvents. While Functional Remedies doesn’t use solvents to extract CBD from hemp, many producers do. And concentrations of solvents like hexane, ethanol, propane, carbon dioxide or acetone can lead to some very serious health issues.
Terpene testing: Terpenes are what gives CBD oil the distinctive color and flavor unique to each strain of cannabis plant. It is from the terpenes that we get flavors like mint, berry, citrus or pine. And they are also believed to have beneficial effects on health.
As you can tell, a lab test for a hemp CBD oil product gives a lot more information than just the levels of THC or CBD. That’s why it’s important to see the Certificate of Analysis before you buy a CBD oil product.
Functional Remedies COA’s is available on request. Please contact us to request a copy.